Project Description

Robust legged platform for highly dynamic motions

Kangaroo is a prototype bipedal research platform for exploring advanced control methods for legged locomotion. The robot is lightweight with low moving inertia in the legs and suitable for highly dynamic motions such as jumping and running. Each leg has 6 DoF, and a mass of 12.5 kg mostly located in the upper part so that the mechanical design allows for impact resilience and reduced energy consumption.

kangaroo robot by pal robotics from the side
kanagroo robot by pal robotixc

Linear actuators and non-linear transmissions

Kangaroo incorporates custom linear actuators with integrated force sensors providing a wide range of motion as well as high speed and torques at the joints. The design takes advantage of nonlinear linkage mechanisms to place all the actuators close to the trunk, making Kangaroo closer to classical template models. The non-linear transmission parameters have been optimised to achieve the necessary speeds and torques for jumping but require only low power whilst standing and walking.

Leg length actuator designed for efficiency

Kangaroo uses an actuation system for the extension and contraction of the leg that is implemented with only one motor, in contrast to other robots that use multiple actuators at the hip, knee, and ankle. The decoupling of the leg length and hip swing motions with Kangaroo makes the system highly efficient.

kanagro robot feet by pal robotics

Advanced motor control technology

Kangaroo uses a new generation of in-house electronics boards for motor control and sensor acquisition. This choice allows embedding custom and decentralized closed loop force/torque controllers at joint level and provides flexibility for experimenting with different control algorithms and obtaining the best performance.

Areas of use


  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Machine learning

  • Control algorithms

  • Navigation
  • Torque Control

  • Highly reactive and dynamic motion
  • Dynamic Walking
  • Trajectory Optimization
  • High impact resilience

  • Motion planning


Factory of the Future



Space exploration


Contact PAL Robotics team if you have any further questions!